The traditional way of seed sowing consumes
more time and requires huge amount of
manpower, to reduce the soreness caused, the implanting tools were introduced.
An implanter is a tool which is used for sowing seeds and planting crops which
is operated by means of mechanisms. The implanter which is at present has a
drawback of depositing the crops one by one and which has to be done manually.
To overcome the
difficulty of dropping the crops separately, a detailed research was made to
fix the problem. By introducing lining up mechanism in a plate, a certain number of seeds or crops are stored in
that plate which can be supplied to the implanter furtherly. The power is
generated from the rotation of wheels which is transferred through the bevel
gears and finally to the plate. The plate gets rotated and the crop is pushed
outside the plate one by one and dropped into the implanter, by means of
mechanisms. The lining up mechanism helps in guiding the crops to the
2. Project Description:
More than half of India’s population is dependent on agriculture either
directly or indirectly. The farming involves in multiples stages in order to
harvest and obtain a crop. Some of the steps in harvesting a crop are seed
implanting, spraying, weeding etc. The farmers should get updated with the
modern technology in order to make the most use
of the technology and yield more amount of crops.
The equipment has been developed in such a way that it should meet the food
requirements of growing population and developing
industrialization. So the machines have
to be discovered that can help the farmers to save their time, money and
increase the production rate. Here usually most of the farmers implant the
crops manually which involves larger use manpower and more time-consuming. This problem is overcome with an
implanter is a tool considered to be used for seedling
or implanting a crop. In General, implanters are manually operated by making an impact with surface
of the agricultural field as shown in Fig. 1
1 Seedling implanter
Time for implanting the seeds is
Implanting the two seeds and planting
This prototype is operated only by
mechanical operations and not to be motorized.
Reduced manpower for implanting.
Relevant works reported
Pranil V. Savalakhe, Amit wandhre, Ashish Sontakke,Bhushan Patil1 stated that solar power sowing machine is basically works
on vertical discontinuous principle which
refers to the vertical movement which can be followed by an individual body in
an agricultural field and implements its discontinuous action in relation to
the horizontal line of work.
A. R, patel D. B2 stated that as
the seed implanting machine is pushed, wheel
is rotating which transmit power to plunger through chain and sprocket
mechanism. Now the cam is mounted on sprocket shift which pushes plunger towards downward direction. Once plunger
is penetrated in soil and during the
backward stoke flapper is opened so seed gets separated from plunger and inserted in the dig.
Nagesh B. Adalinge,
Ganesh B. Lavate, Ragul R. Mane3 stated that the equipment is push forward by using handles. Improved
seed-cum-seed drills are provided with seed and seed boxes, metering mechanism,
forrow openers, covering devices, frame,
ground drive system and control for variation of seed and seed rates.
Ms. Trupti A. Shinde, Dr. Jeyashree. S.
Awati4 stated that In each complete rotation of rotating Wheel there is seeds falls from this seed drum and seed
plantation process taken place smoothly and without wastage of seeds. The
sowing disc is rotate in the seed
chamber, the seeds are falls in the seed chamber through seed storage tank .The seed buckets are collect the seeds
from the chamber and it sow in the ground
as required depth with the help of plough.
Pradeep Gorre, Deepan Leburu, Srinivas
Kopparthi, Navakishore Kayala5 stated
that this project is to drive an external dc servo motor for which the drill equipment and seed sowing equipment is
connected. Here, the motion of the robot is decided by using a black line and
the seed sowing equipment works at every successive node on the black
Prof. Abhijit G. Naik,
Prof. Amay Deorao Meshram, Prof. Siraj Y. sayyad6 stated that the prototype
is worked based on seed metering mechanism deliver
the seeds into the seed tube. . The feed
roller and the feed cut-off device are mounted
a shaft, running through the feed cups. The fluted rollers which are mounted at
the bottom of the seed box, receive seeds into longitudinal grooves and pass on
to the seed tube through the holes provided for this purpose. By shifting the
fluted wheel sideways, the length of the grooves exposed to the seed can be
increased or decreased and hence the amount of seed is controlled.
& year )
The vehicle is driven by the use of
solar powered. Mixed cropping can be easily done. Seed rate can also be
Kyada A. R 2
Seeds are implanted by means of mechanical Linkages.
Plunger mechanism is used to implant the seeds. The continuous displacement
of seeds is the main advantage.
B. Adalinge 3
the seeds are implanted by means of Metering mechanism with furrow opener. It
controls for variation of seed and seed rates.
Trupti A. Shinde 4
The prototype is drive with the use of battery. Ultrasonic sensors are used. When
obstacle comes in front of machine the ultrasonic sensor detects that obstacle and indicate the buzzer
Here, a DC servo motor equipped with a
driller is used to dig a hole and sow the seeds using a simple wheel
mechanism attached to that servo.
Prof. Abhijit G. Naik 6
metering mechanisms are used to implant
seeds. Analyis is results both the continuous and discontinuous seeding is done
by this prototype and also machine used in any type of soil.
The above literature clearly shows that seed implanting is done by the means of metering mechanism, solar power or motorized.
Hence this project is based on designing and developing a new seedling tool
only by the means of mechanisms. For the phase one project work, finite element
analysis for the frame of the product is done.
1. Brief literature surveys regarding implanter.
of suitable crop for the experiment.
and modeling of the mechanically operated
and calculation of belt.
Element Analysis (FEA) of both the frame
and whole body of the vehicle.
of optimized frame configuration.
of the selected implanting tool on the vehicle.
schematic representation of the overall methodology is shown in the Fig. 2
Select the type of crop
Survey of onion and potato crop implantation
Design calculation for frame, belt design.
Modeling of frame and seedling implanter
Analysis for frame
2 Flow chart of Overall Methodology
FEA ANALYSIS METHODOLOGY
the type of element.
coarse mesh for both the frame and set values created.
the boundary conditions for the beam and
4. The load is applied to the frame, and value for Poisson ratio and Young’s modulus of the frame is set.
Mises stress is calculated.
deformation and stress value are
7. Result is noted.
schematic representation of the overall methodology is shown in the Fig. 4.2
SET THE LOAD
APPLY BOUNDARY CONDITIONS
SOLVING THE CONDITIONS
Fig. 3 Flowchart of FEA analysis methodology
Mechanism used in
seedling implantation, it consists of an
implanting tool to dig and to implant the crop into the soil. In the
vehicle, it has two implanter and those two operated by means of the single
sliding mechanism. The mechanism is used in the vehicle, and lever 1is operates
the flapper that opens to plant the onion. Lever 2 used as brake.
Sliding crank mechanism
The main operation takes place in the
mechanism is the conversion of rotating motion to reciprocating motion. The utilization
of the mechanism in this project is that the mechanism assists in digging the implanting tool.
Lining up mechanism
The power for the mechanism is
obtained from the rotation of wheel. Initially, the power is transmitted to bevel
gear from rotating wheel, the bevel gear converts the power to 90°, thus the
required power is obtained and lining up mechanism is done. It is used to
rotate and move the potato or onion into the implanting tool on a particular
6-2D model of implanter.
4 3D model of seedling implanter
The maximum stress,
strain, deformation was analyzed and the
results are noted.
Maximum stress and Deformation
185.68 N/ mm2
Thus seed implanter have
exceptional influence in agriculture. By
using this project one can spare less time for seed implanting and additionally
reduces a lot of labor cost. It is very much useful for small-scale farmers.
The maximum stress value
of vehicle frame is found out to be
2 in ANSYS which is less than the yield
stress value and the design is said to be safe. Further the project is
processed to fabrication from analysis after knowing that the project design is
Scope of the project
To implant two crops simultaneously by
means of mechanical linkages.
Reduce the labor cost by using this implanter.
Uniform distribution of seed implant is possible.
1 Prof. Prnil V. Sawalakhe, Amit
Wandhare, Ashish Sontake, Bhushan Patil, “Solar power seed sowing Machine” Global journal of advanced research,Vol-2,
2 Kyada, A. R, Patel, D. B,
“Design and development of manually operated seed planter machine” 5th
International Manufacturing Technology Design and Research Conference, December
2014, pp 591-597
3 Nagesh B. Adalinge, Ganesh B. Lavate, Rahul R. Mane, “Design
and Manufacturing of Seed Sowing Machine”, International journal of advance
research, ideas and innovations in technology, Vol-3, pp-704-708
Trupti A.Shinde, Dr. Jayashree. S. Awati, “Design and Development of Automatic Seed Sowing Machine” , SSRG
International Journal of Electronics and Communication Engineering, April 2017,
5 Pradeep Gorre, Deepan Leburu,
Srinivas Kopparthi, Navakishore Kayala, “Design
and Implementation of Seed Sowing Agricultural Robot”, International Journal of
Scientific Engineering and Research, Vol-3, March 2017, pp 75-78
Abhijit G. Naik, Prof. Amay Deorao Meshram,
Prof. Siraj Y. sayyad, “Design, modeling and performance analysis of
manually operated seed sowing machine”, International Journal of Novel Research
in Engineering, science and technology,
Vol-1, March 2016, pp 82-87
Literature survey (Done)
and Design calculation
Analysis of Frame(Done)
Experimentation and its results
Report and patent work
PRICE (IN ?)
J. ALLWIN RAJ, T. RAJARAJAN, P.
KIRUBAANANTH belonging to __Mechanical___ department is responsible
for the details furnished above. The content is unique and belongs to us.