1. What kind of research was conducted: Descriptive, correlational, or experimental? Briefly explain. The kind of research conducted in the article was an experimental one. This is because the researchers in the article had designed an experiment to find an answer to their question. In this case, the researchers wanted to know how the students experienced the frog pond effect in small groups. In addition, the study also exhibits an independent and dependent variable. The independent variable is the students’ feedback, since it was manipulated by the researchers, and the dependent variable is their self-evaluations. Furthermore, the article also outlines the participants involved along with methods/materials used. For example, the article mentions that the researchers assigned participants to one of the four conditions. Next, the article mentions a procedure the participants went through. They had to complete a series of steps, such as taking a lie detection and then responding to videos of their classmates. Afterwards, the researchers gained their results and came to an conclusion about their answer. Overall, the research was experimental because it had an independent and dependent variable, a procedure, methods/materials, and they were trying to figure out an answer to their question.2. According to the authors, how does the local dominance effect explain the results they found? According to the article, the local dominance effect is connected to the frog pond effect and indicates that we rely on local sources than more general ones. An example could be listening to your friends’ opinion more than your parents’ opinion. In the authors’ study, they found that the frog pond effect was more apparent when receiving a low rating and manipulated negative feedback from the group members. In addition, the local dominance effect explains that the participants were more likely to evaluate themselves higher or lower by their group’s feedback than just receiving a number rating. This showcases that people do value what others’ think, especially those within their social groups, which leads to how they self evaluate themselves. 3. Can you think of any situations in which you have been a big fish in a little pond? The one situation I remember distinctly about experiencing the big fish in a little pond effect, would have to be in English class during my freshman year in High school. When I was in English class, I was practically the star student and would get good grades on all my papers. It always made me feel good about myself whenever I got a compliment from the teacher about my writing. In addition, when I was constantly praised and doing seemingly better than almost all of my classmates–I felt that I was smarter than all of them. I thought I was the best there is in that subject and felt I was ready to take an English honors class. However, when I took honors English during my sophomore year; I’d gone from being the big fish in a small pond to a small fish in a big pond. There was clearly students who could write much better than me and that really lowered my confidence about my own writing skills. I would even get lower than an A on my essays during the class. The class I was in before was just a regular English class where the writing wasn’t as advanced, and when I got into honors; it made me realize that I wasn’t the best there is. Especially when I was placed in a group of people who were more advanced writers than me.