???? ????? ??????? (????? 2005? 127)? ????? ?????

???? ???? ???? ????? ???? ??? ????? ?? ?? ??????
????? ?? ????? ?? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ?????????? ?????? ????????
(???????) ??? ??? ?? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ????????
(???????) ?? ????? ????? ????? ? ????? ???? ????? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ???
????? ????? ????? ???????? ?????????? ?????? ???????? (???????), ????? ??????
??????? ??????? ???? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ?? ????? ??????
????? ???????? ?????? ????????
(???????) ??? ?????
????? ????? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ??????? ?? ??????
???? ????.

  ?????? ??????
????? ????? ??? ??? ??? ?? ???? ?????? ????????? ??????? ???? ????? ??? ????? (????????
?2014) ????? ???? ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ????? ????????? ?? ????? ??? ?????
????? ??? ??? ?? ??? ???????? ??????
(???????2016) ????? ???? ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?? ?????
??????? ?????? ??????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???? ??????? ????????? ?????? (????? 2017) ????? ???? ??? ????
?????? ??????? ?????????? ??? (Swom)??
????? ????????? ?? ????? ??? ????? ????? ???????? ?????? ??? ?????? ???????
?????????? ?????? (????????2017)
????? ???? ??? ???? ??? ??????? ?????????? ????? ( Jigsaw ) ??
????? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ????? ??? ???? ????
???????? ??????? ????? ????? ????? ?????.

????? ???? ???????? (2007) ?? (50%) ?? ??????
???????? ????  ????? ?????? ?? ????? ???
??? ???? ??? ?????? ??? (80%) ??? ????? .

??? ?? ??? ??? ??????? ????? ???????? ??????????
????? ????? ??? ??????? ?????? ????? ????? ???? ????? ????? ?? ?? ????? ???????
??? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ???????? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ?????? ???? ?????
??????? (????? 2005? 127)? ????? ????? ???? (Hart,Keller,2003) ?? ??????
?????? ??? ????????? ????????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ??????? ???? ?????? ???????
???? (?????2010? 3) ?? ????? ????? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ???????  ???? ???????? ?? ??????? ???? ??????? ???
???? ???????? ???? ??? ???? ???????? ??????? ???? ?????? ??????  ????? ??? 
??????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ???? ?? ???????? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ?????
?? ???? ?????? ? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ???? ?? ??????
??? ????????? ???????.

???? ?????? ?? ????? ???????? ???? ?????? ????
??????? ???? ?? ????? ?? ?? ???? ??????? ???? ???? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ?????
????? ????? ????????? ?? ?? ?????? ??????? ??? ???? ????? ??????? ???????? ?????????
 ??? ??????? ??? ??? ????? ????? ??? ?????
????? ?? ????? ??????? ???????? ??? ?? ???? ????? ????? ?? ??? ???? ???? ??????
?????? ?? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ???? ???????? ??? ??? ??????? ???????
????? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ??????? ???????.

???? ??? ??
???????? ??????? ?????:
?? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ???????? ??????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ??????
???????? (???????)? ?????? : ???? ???? ?? ???????? ???? ?????? ???????
?????????? ?????? ???????? (??????? ) ?? ????? ?????? ????? ???????? ????????
???????? ??????? ????????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ?? ??????? ???????.

?????? (Sengul&Katrancl,2013) ????? ???? ???
????? ??? ????? ????? ??? ???????? ??????? ??
????????? ?? ????? ????? ????????? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ??????? ???????????
?????? ???? ????? ?? ?????? (33) ?????? (16 ?? ??????? 17 ?? ??????) ?????
??????? ??? ?? ???? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ??? ????? (05,0) ?? ????? ????? ???????? ??? ?????? ?????? ???????.

??? ??????? ?????
??? ???????? ??? ???? ?????? ??????????? ?????? ???????? ?? ??? ????? ??????
???? ????? ?? ??: (???????1995) ????? ??? ??? ???? ??? ??????? ?? ????? ??????
???????? ??? ??????? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ??????? ??????? ???? ???? ????
????????? ?? ??????? ?????? ??????? ?? ???
???? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ??????? ?????? ??????? ?? ????? ??????? ??? ????
?????????? ?????? (????? 1998) ????? ???? ???
???? ??? ??????? ????? ?????? ???????? ??? ??????? ????? ????? Jigsaw))
?????? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ???????
?? ???? ????????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ???? ??
???? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ??? ??????????
?????.

  ???? ?????? ????? ???????? ???? ???? ????
?????????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ???? ????????? ???? ?? ??????? ?????????
????????? ??? ???????? ???? ????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ????? (?? ????? 2010) ???
????? ???????? ????????? ???? ???? ?????? ??????? ???????? ??? ???????? ???????
?? ??????? ? ?????? (????????2014) ???? ????? ??????
??????? ?????????? ??????? ?? ????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ???????
??? ?????? ???? ????? ???????? ?????? (???
???? ?2014) ???? ????? ???  ?????? ?????
????????? ???? ?????????? ????? ?? ????? ???????? ????????? ??????? ?????
?????? ??? ?????? ???? ?????? ??? ?????
?????? (?????????2014) ????? ???? ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ??????????
(?????) ?? ????? ????????? ??? ????? ??????? ???? ?????? ????????? ?????? ???
???????? ?????? ??????? ???? ???? ????
??????? ??? ?????? ????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ???????? ??? ????????
???????? ????? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ?????? Kazemi,2012)) ???? ???? ??? ????? ??? ????? ????? ??? ????? ????
??????? ?? ???? (??????? ???????? ???? ???????) ?? ????? ??????????? ?????
?????? ?? ??? ????????? ???????? ????????? (38) ???? ?????? (17?? ??????? 21 ??
??????) ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ????
???????? ??? ????? (05,0) ???
??????? ????? ?????? ???????? ????????? ???????? ?? ??????? ?????? ???????? ????????
????? ???????? ?????????? ?????
(????? ?????????2017) ????? ???? ???? ?????? ??????????
???????  ?? ??????? ?????? ??????? ???
???? ??????? ???????? ?? ?????????? ?????? ???? ??????? ?? ( 48) ?????? ??
??????? ??? ???????? ??????? (24) ?????? ?????? (24) ??????? ?????? ??????? ??:
???? ???? ???? ???????? ??? ????? (01,0) ???
??????? ????? ???? ???????? ????????? ???????? ?? ??????? ?????? ????????
????????? ????? ????????? ??????? ??????? ?? ???????? ????? ???????? ?????????? ?????? (????????2017)
???? ???? ??? ???? ??? ??????? ?????????? ?????(Jigsaw)  ?? ????? ?????? ?????? ???
????? ????? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ???? ??????? ?? (31) ???? ?? ????
???? ?????? ???? ???????? ?????????? ????? ???? ???? ???????? ??????? ????? ?? (31)
???? ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ???????? ??? ????? (01,0) ??? ???????
????? ???? ???????? ????????? ???????? ?? ??????? ?????? ???????? ????????? ???????
????? ?????? ????? ???????? ?????????.

????? ????? ?????? (2009?272) ?? ?? ????? ??????????
????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ????? ?? ???? ??????? ????????? ??????
???????? ???????? ?? ????? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ??
??????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ?????? ???????? ???????
???????? ????????????? ???????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ???????.  

????? ????? (2007? 56) ?????????? ????? ????? ?????
???? ????? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ?? ?? ??? (?????) ?? ????? ???????? ???? (???)
???? ?? ??????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ????????? ??? ????? ????? ????
???? ??? ????? ??????? ??? ???????? ???????? ?? ???? ? ?????? ???????? ????????
???????? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ???
???? ??? ???? ?????? (???????) ?? ???????: ?????? ???? ??????? ??????.     

???? ?????????? ?????? ???????? ??? ??? ???????????
?????? ???????? ???? ????? ??????? ???????  (Arslanm2010) ?? ?????
????? ??? ??? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ???????? .

-?????????? ?????? ????????
???????  Group cooperative Learning

-?????????? ???/ ????/ ???? Think – pair – Strategy

-?????????? ?????? ????Learning To gather Strategy

-?????????? ????????? ??????? Group Investigation Strategy

-?????????? ?????? ???????? Jigsaw Strategy

-?????????? ????? ????????? ?????? ???????  Student Teams
Achievement Division Strategy .(STAD)

??????? ???????? ??? ??????????? ????? ?? ???? ????
?? ?? (???????2005? ????? 2006? ?????? ???????2014) ???? ?? ???:

??? ???? ????? ??????? ????? ?????? ???????? ??
?????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ???? ???
????? ?? ??????? ???????? ????????? ?????????? ????? ????? (?????2006? 197).

????
?????? ??????? ????? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??? ??? ?????? ?????
?? ????? ?????? ?????????? ??? ??? ??? ??? ???? ????? ???? ?? ???????
?????????? ?? ???? ???????? ??? ?? ??? ???????? ???????  ?????????? ?? ??? ???? ??????? ????????
????????? ?? ????? ???????? ????????? ?? ?????? ???? ?????? ??? ????????? ??
???? ??????? ????? ????? ????? ?? ???????? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ????
????? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ???????? ???? ???????
????????? ????????? ??? ???? ????? ?? ???? ???????? ?????? ????? ?? ??????? ??
???????? ?? ?????? ??????? ???? ????? ???? ??????? ?????? ?? ??????? ?????
?????? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ??? ????????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??? ????
??? ????? ????????? ???? ???? ?? ??????? ????? ???? ??? ?????????? ?????
???????? ???????? ?????? ?? ???????? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????.  

?????????? :

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