? and the prevention of marine pollution by

?

Term

Definition

1.

Meteorology

The branch of
scientific study of atmosphere and its phenomena

2.

Oceanography

The scientific
study based on the description of the ocean

3.

RADAR(RAdio
Detection And Ranging)

The device which uses method of determining
at a single station the direction and distance of an object. By measuring
time taken till the emitted signal will reach the distant object and return.

4.

National
Meteorological
and Hydrological Services(NMHS)

Service which
provide weather and climate prediction models from which local and global
forecasts are generated

5.

Joint
Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology(JCOMM)

Worldwide
marine meteorological and oceanographic communities which are working to respond to
interdisciplinary requirements for met/ocean observations, data management
and service products.7

6.

Drifting buoy

Buoys
collecting meteorological data placed over the oceans to send information for
weather forecasting services

7.

GPS(Global
Positioning System)

A system of 24 Earth-orbiting satellites which provides
location-specific information as precise as tens of meters

8.

GIS(Global
Information System)

System which is capturing, storing, analyzing and
managing data and associated attributes which are spatially referenced to the
Earth.

9.

IMO(International Maritime Organization)

The United Nations
specialized agency with responsibility for the safety and security of
shipping and the prevention of marine pollution by ships.

10.

Forecast

 A processing of the collected data from
various data collecting installations and predicting weather by analysis based
on observations

 
11.

                        STCW

International Convention adopted by IMO
on
Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers

12.

SOLAS

International
Convention on Safety Of Life At Sea

13.

Absolute
humidity

The ratio of the mass of water
vapor to the total volume of the air, expressed in g/m?

14.

Relative humidity

The ratio of the existing amount of
water vapor in the air at a given temperature to the maximum amount that
could exist at that temperature, expressed in percent

15.

Psychrometer

An instrument used to measure the
water vapor content of the air.

 

 

 

 

1)      Stander J. Importance
of Marine Meteorological Observations in support of services, no date.
Online Available from: https://www.wmo.int/pages/prog/www/IMOP/publications/IOM-125_TECO_2016/Session_4/K4A_Stander_JCOMM.pdf Accessed January 25 2018

 

2)     
Marine
Asset Integrity. Offshore weather forecasting
services, no date. Online Available from: https://www.fugro.com/our-services/marine-asset-integrity/monitoring-and-forecasting/offshore-weather-forecasting-services Accessed January 25 2018

3)     
https://www.amnautical.com/blogs/news/17586460-imo-publication-carriage-requirements-on-board-vessels#.Wmwgyd9l-Uk

4)     
https://public.wmo.int/en/bulletin/innovations-and-new-technology-improved-weather-services

5)     
http://wmo.multitranstms.com/MultiTransWeb/Web.mvc

6)     
https://www.imarest.org/membership/education-careers/careers-in-the-marine-profession/how-about-oceanography-or-marine-meterology

7)     
The Joint WMO-IOC Technical Commission for
Oceanography and Marine Meteorology. no date. Online Available from: http://www.jcomm.info/

8)     
https://www.nhc.noaa.gov/prepare/marine.php?text

9)      https://novalynx.com/store/pc/Glossary-of-Meteorological-Terms-A-d9.htm

10)  http://projects.knmi.nl/turbowin/ –
 Software

TurboWin, KNMI (Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute)