For of AI, right after the first artificial

For this final essay,
I picked artificial intelligence “AI” as a discipline. First, I have to say
that out of the five topics given in the brief, this was the most important in
my point of view. “Andy Robin” the man behind Android, once said ‘AI is the
next big operating system’. I personally think artificial intelligence is the
new trend, it is clear that computers with human-level knowledge or better
would affect our ordinary lives by having a huge impact on our future. Going
back to John McCarthy the father of AI.


When did John
McCarthy become the father of AI? It all started in 1955 when the American
computer scientist and inventor was first known by the father of AI, right
after the first artificial intelligence conference at Dartmouth college that
took place in 1956 that had an objective to explore ways to make a machine that
reasons like a human. On the other side of this, he really thought that any
form of intelligence made by a human can be precisely described for a machine
to stimulate it. In 1958 he created the Lisp computer language, that was
designed for easy manipulation of data strings used as a language for AI
programming and continues to be used today not only in mechanical autonomy or
robotics and other scientific applications but in a plenty of web-based
services. It also paved the way for voice recognition technology such as SIRI
‘the personal assistant app on the iPhone that started in 2010’. At first, and
before shifting to Digital, AI is based on a conversion of multiple sciences
and professions converged such as “computer sciences, mathematics, philosophy,
linguistics, psychology, neurosciences, and artificial psychology”.


Until now, artificial
intelligence has always been applied when a machine imitates cognitive functions
such as reasoning, memory, attention, and language that humans use to connect
with one another. Artificial intelligence could be described as creating a
reasoning, learning and problem-solving system. In AI, an intelligent agent is
an independent entity that observes through sensors and acts upon an
environment using a mechanism that puts it into automatic action, that directs
it’s activity towards goal achievement that they may learn or to achieve. These
intelligent agents are closely related to software agents such as a chatbot
executing on a phone “Siri”. Artificial intelligence has four requirements, to
be able to communicate successfully, AI requires a natural language process; to
store the provided information before or during the interrogation, it requires
a knowledge representation; to use the stored data or information to answer
questions and to draw new conclusions, automated reasoning is the requirement;
and finally machine learning to adapt to new circumstances and to detect and
extrapolate patterns.