In our modern lives nowadays, due to climate, dust from the environment and diseases, many people are now facing with health issues and infectious diseases. Many proponents say that vaccination is safe and one of the greatest advance science prevention health developments in the 20th century. However, there were many different arguments between its benefits and disadvantages about this helpful prevention method. Nevertheless, due to many arguments and evidence for patient’s cases of prevention from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), World Health Organization (WHO) or in any practical health issues, vaccines were invented to prevent illnesses and infectious diseases because the effective means and benefits are far greater.
First of all, the vaccine is an amount of medicine mixed with different ingredients such as antibodies or small pathogen organisms in different uses for diseases. The role of a vaccine is to bring that amount from an injection into our bodies for “good health”, and used to create healthy, active immunity for the body’s resistance. There are many ways to use this “magic prevention” into the patient’s body. For instance, the original and classic way to use for vaccines are given by an injection, however, due to modern technological advances in this century, some cases people can “delivery” the amount of vaccine directly into our mouth or by nasal spray. To be specific, there are few diseases people can apply for oral vaccines like rotavirus or polio. Nevertheless, by entering the number of pathogens through oral route may cause the alive-weakened virus to be active again in our bodies. By taken orally, there are just small quantities of pathogens or medicines but they can go into our bodies and absorbed quickly as they can. However, orally vaccine is not useful enough for the patient because not all vaccines are can be directly oral and most can be injectable. Going to the nasal spray, it is only used to replace flu shots and it’s made from weakened flu vaccines. The instruction for using nasal spray is completely easy, the doctor can spray into the patient’s nose, the medicine can go through the nose down to him or her body in order to protect them from flu season which can be affected easily. In this case, the level of protection between nasal spray and flu shots are the same and safe enough for the patients, it’s up to each person if they want to choose different ways to insert for flu disease. Going to infectious diseases, this kind of disease caused by viruses or small organisms go directly and pass through a body to create symptoms in a range of normal increase to deadly. Some specific infectious diseases such as malaria, HIV, malaria and yellow fever can affect the entire body to cause many symptoms in the patients. Especially, tuberculosis is one type of the infectious diseases for respiration, everyone has to check the tuberculosis test to know if he or she already affected by tuberculosis or not. Because BCG known as Bacillus Calmette-Guerin is a vaccine for tuberculosis can create active immunity against this disease.
Secondly, our powerful prevention method can save many children’s lives from different kind of diseases or infection. Some serious diseases can kill thousands of children because a child’s immune system needs some pathogens or antibodies in vaccines to protect their bodies and health against natural environment, diseases or infection. “According to The American Academy of Pediatrics, it states that most childhood vaccines are 90%-99% effective in preventing disease.”1 “The Centers of Disease Control (CDC) estimated that 732,000 American children were saved from death and 322 million cases of childhood illnesses were prevented between 1994 and 2014 due to vaccination.”2 For instance, there are some diseases like polio, pneumonia, varicella, meningococcal, mumps and rotavirus that are really in need of vaccines. To be concise, polio is one type of disease can infect person to person because the poliovirus lives in an infected person enter to the body and contact directly with the feces. Sometimes, poliovirus can infect a normal person by the small amount of liquid through coughing or sneezing. Therefore, not only children have to had vaccines to protect their health but also the adults, everyone has to prepare their bodies against this poliovirus. Because the result of poliovirus for infected people can lead to paralysis that makes some or all parts of the body can’t move.
Thirdly, vaccines are effective means preventing people from various diseases due to many evidences for different cases of patients. “As a consequence, WHO estimates that in 2003, 38.3 million cases and 607 000 deaths were prevented by the use of pertussis vaccination”3. “However, pertussis is still estimated to cause 295 000– 390 000 childhood deaths annually, with most deaths in countries with low immunization rates and high mortality rates. Further gains can be made by increasing coverage with three doses of diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine in infancy and the provision of booster doses as appropriate.”4 The reason why vaccines are effective because it is carefully reviewed and checked by the doctors, scientists or the hospitals before giving to the patients. Moreover, talk about the safety of vaccines is about what are the ingredients people are using and how they activated in our bodies against diseases. One of the most common ingredient scientists or doctors used for the vaccine is thimerosal. This kind of element involved in vaccines that contained mercury has been used for multi-dose vials for the patients. As the term multi-dose vials infer to add more on dose in order to prevent the growth of germs or bacteria can left when a syringe needle enters a vial as a vaccine is being prepared for administration. According to the Journal of Pediatric Psychology in January – February (2012) by Barile JP, Kuperminc GP, Weintraub ES, Mink JW and Thompson WW about the study of brain function, behavior, language, coordination and thimerosal. This study assessed whether prenatal thimerosal exposure or thimerosal exposure between birth and 7 months of age was associated with seven specific neuropsychological outcomes in children ages 7-10 years. “The study found no associations with thimerosal and general intellectual functioning, verbal memory, fine motor coordination, executive functioning, behavior regulation and language. The evidence is clear: thimerosal is not a toxin ingredient in vaccines, but merely a preservative, preventing contamination, that has been used in vaccines for decades.”5
2 ProCon. “Vaccines.” Procon.org. Last modified October 6, 2015. Accessed September 25, 2017, https://vaccines.procon.org/.
3 Madhi, , “Vaccines to prevent pneumonia and improve child survival.” who.int. Accessed September 26, 2017, http://www.who.int/bulletin/volumes/86/5/07-044503/en/
5 Barile JP, Kuperminc GP, Weintraub ES, Mink JW, Thompson WW,”Thimerosal exposurein early life and neuropsychological outcomes 7-10 years later”, Journal of Pediatric Psychology, last modified January/February 2012; 37(1):106-118. Accessed September 27, 2017, https://www.cdc.gov/vaccinesafety/pdf/cdcstudiesonvaccinesandautism.pdf