Perception as well. However, 35% of the Netherlands’

Perception is an intuitive understanding
or insight about a particular thing or person.  It is also a mental image or idea generalized
from particular instances; a conclusion based on our impressions. For example,
you begin to have an initial impression towards a new classmate, but it might
not necessarily be the same as your peers’ assessment of him, as they may have
shared different experiences with him..

            An
abstract idea or understanding about a person or issue is revealed through his
or her perceptions. Perceptions are simply opinions, thoughts, or views toward
a person or issue and are created based from situations and instances. 

            These
views are often directed towards personalities, race, and even religions,
particularly towards Muslims. According to a study done by Tzortzis, Dr. Khalaf
and Salam (2010), 27% of the population of the surveyed respondents in the
United Kingdom had negative impressions regarding Muslims while 55% of the
population described their perceptions as neutral towards Muslims in general.

            In
addition to that, the Pew Research Center (2016) conducted a survey among
Europeans regarding their views about Muslims as favorable or unfavorable. 72%
of the Hungarian population views Muslims negatively, making the nation’s
percentage the highest of all in the study. 69% of population of Italy, 66% of
the population of Poland, 65% of the population of Greece, and 50% of the
population of Spain showed negative views toward Muslims as well.  However, 35% of the Netherlands’ population
and Sweden’s population, 29% of the population of France and Germany showed its
unfavorable views toward Muslims and its remaining population showed positive
views toward Muslims. United Kingdom showed the least population that
negatively viewed Muslims with its 28%.

            The
perceptions of people are shown by the Pew Research Center (2011), who
conducted a survey about the views of Western and Western European countries
such as the United States and Russia. The United States and Russia viewed
Muslims as “fanatical”. They also called Muslims as “violent” and “honest”, and
view them as “respectful of women”.

            In
a research done by Wike and Grim (2010), it was revealed that people who feel
threatened by Muslims tend to have negative views towards Muslims.
Security-related threats are the major predictors of perceptions towards
Muslims, especially in Britain where security-related threats are strong
because the country has experienced several terrorist attacks by Muslim
extremists in 2005.

            Furthermore,
581 students in Sweden whose ages range from 14 to 16 were asked about their
perceptions of Muslims and 54% of the population showed negative views towards
Muslims. This result is because of the lack of positive and direct contact or
interaction with Muslims (Bevelander and Otterbeck, 2007).

            24%
of the surveyed population’s perceptions toward Muslims significantly or
slightly improved after interacting and being approached by a Muslim. However, 13%
of the population’s perception significantly or slightly worsened after
interacting and being approached by a Muslim, while the remaining 63% of the
surveyed population, remained neutral and had no change in their perceptions
toward Muslims. (Tzortzis, Dr. Khalaf and Salam, 2010).

            Meanwhile,
the Human Development Network (2005) conducted a survey and analyzed the
perceptions of 1, 2000 adult Filipinos toward Muslims.  10% of the surveyed population would employ
or hire someone with a Muslim-sounding name, 55% think that Muslim are probably
more prone to behaving uncontrollably or disruptively, and 47% stick to the
belief that Muslims are probably extremists or terrorists. This suggests that
Filipinos have mostly negative perceptions toward Muslims. Moreover, the survey
showed that less than 15% of those surveyed had direct dealings with Muslims,
resulting to a negative image toward Muslims.