Physiology rewards violence then people are likely to

Physiology
of behavior focuses on how biological processes influence human
behavior. Professor Sapolsky’s lecture highlights that the link between
psychology and biology can explain human behavior, but there are other
factors also involved. Looking back at human development and even
evolutionary can also yield results how cultures influenced human
relations and culture. Additionally, since the environment can suppress
or stimulate genes, it is likely that individuals will exhibit different
behavior because of g their genetic makeup. Besides genetic explanation
here are hormones the brain structure and the nervous system, which
explain biological processes that can influence behavior.  Focusing on
physiology to understand behavior can offer insights on how biology
explains behavior where a genetic mutation is one possibility.
Considering
the role of neuroscience in understanding the physiology of behavior
allows scientists to investigate how brain patterns affect brain
activities and even hormonal fluctuations. The brain can learn things
from when people are young, but both nature and nurture determine
behavior.  For instance, while testosterone is often cited as the
hormone associated with violence, if a society rewards violence then
people are likely to act violently and vice versa even when they all
have elevated testosterone levels. There are various factors that can
explain the link between biology and behavior, and there is a danger
that when researchers only focus on few of the factors they get an
incomplete picture on the physiology of behavior.
While
the brain-behavior relationship is complex, the brain affects the body,
but psychologists sometimes focus on simple explanations like
controlling rewards and punishments to explain behavior. In reality,
there are different factors including biological ones that can explain
behaviorism, like in cases where malnutrition can affect physiology in
children and their development. Additionally, the chemistry of the brain
has been known to influence behavior, and the way information moves
from neurons to others is directly linked to neurochemistry. Many
behavioral problems have been linked to neuroendocrine and neurochemical processes, yet these do not work exactly the same in all human beings.
           
Human behavior is unpredictable yet the neurobiology, biology, and
psychology all explain behavior. Similarly, evolutionary and
developmental experiences cannot be ignored and even animal studies
mostly focusing on primates has still not uncovered explain how genetics
and the environment are linked in the formative years. While Robert
Sapolsky highlights the uncertainties of the physiology of
behavior, he challenges assumptions that few factors can explain the
relationship between biology and behavior.  Behavior is also associated
with the sensory stimuli and nervous system, and neuroscience has
increasingly highlighted that dopamine is rewarding to certain
behaviors. In any case, the nervous system has been studied to provide
insights on why people exhibit certain abnormal behavior.   While the
nervous system affects human behavior, it is surprising that Sapolsky
links all human action with what one has previously encountered.
There
are biological explanations for the extremes human behaviors and
personalities highlighting that there is a relationship between biology
and behavior. Scientists have sought to understand the various genetic
roots of behavioral problems and now know more about different
disorders. Neuroscience has provided insights on the physiology of
behavior, but as the biology-behavior relationship is complex that
considering other factors like the environment is necessary to better
understand this. I have been challenged to look more deeply into the
nervous system, the brain structure and endocrine system and their
interaction to influence behavior.