“Psychological disorder” is a broad
term used to describe various behaviors or mental processes that are classified
as abnormal. Although they may seem rare at first, more than a quarter of the
population experiences a psychological disorder per year. The biopsychosocial
perspective is one of the many different views that analyzes and interprets
mental illnesses like anxiety and mood disorders.
One type of anxiety disorder is the
panic disorder. This disorder is characterized by an unexpected anxiety attack
which is not directly associated with any specific object or situation.
Generally, people diagnosed with panic disorder can encounter heavy sweating,
tremors, shortness of breath, and pounding of the heart during a panic attack.
As well, individuals may experience choking sensations or nausea. The time it
takes for a panic attack to subside ranges from a couple of minutes to more
than a few hours, and there is no specific cause for what triggers the attack.
Bipolar disorder is a type of mood
disorder that is characterized by a person experiencing severe mood swings. A
person that is diagnosed with having bipolar disorder switches between being in
a manic phase and in depression. In the manic phase, the person is much more argumentative
and often makes poor judgements. They exhibit pressured speech and rapidly
switch from one topic to another. On the other side, when they are experiencing
depression, they are much more lethargic and often have insomnia and agitation.
The biopsychosocial view recognizes
that there is more than one factor that could be attributing to a mental
illness or health in general. In terms of anxiety disorders, this approach
believes that anxiety is caused by a combination of biological, social, and psychological
factors. Although the biological imbalance could provoke a panic attack to
occur, the fear of helplessness further progresses the attacks. As a result,
psychological methods can be used to help reduce physical discomfort for people
experiencing a panic attack. The biopsychosocial view claims that a combination
of biological factors, self-efficacy expectations, and attitudes play a role in
mood disorders. For example, a certain situation like pressure at work can
progress the feeling of depression.
In conclusion, panic disorder and
bipolar disorder are just one of the many psychological disorders that exist in
this world. The biopsychosocial perspective is simply one of the approaches to
mental illness that uses a combination of biological, psychological, and social
factors to explain what causes a mental illness. Psychological disorders must
continue to be researched and analyzed because of their prevalence in our