Separation child’s parent is incarcerated, disturbing stress may

Separation
by reason of parent’s incarceration can be as painful as other forms of
parental loss (such as death or divorce), it can be even more complicated due
to stigma, vagueness, and lack of social support and empathy that complements
it. When a child’s parent is incarcerated, disturbing stress may befall through
various trails. It comprises the loss of an attachment figure, and may be predominantly
troubling to the child since the loss is not easily explained or understood (Murphey
& Cooper, 2015). Incarceration is not a single or discrete event but a
dynamic process that discloses over time. To grasp the impact of the
incarceration process on children it is crucial to consider the effect of the
unavailability of the parent to the child during the period of incarceration
(Parke & Stewart, 2002). Parental incarceration creates supplementary
challenges for children and families frequently ensuing in: Financial volatility
and material hardship, with financial problems the most critical for already susceptible
families and caregivers who upkeep contact between the incarcerated parent and
his or her child. The impact of having an incarcerated parent are instability
in family relationships and structure, and residential mobility, school behavior
and performance problems, shame, social and institutional stigma. In addition
to lowering the likelihood of recidivism among incarcerated parents, there is
evidence that maintaining contact with one’s incarcerated parent improves a
child’s emotional response to the incarceration and supports parent-child
attachment. Many programs and services for children whose parents are
incarcerated offer promise in meeting some aspect of children’s needs, but have
not been empirically validated as having either short- or long-term impacts on
children’s well-being15. (The Annie E. Casey Foundation, Casey Family Programs,
Marguerite Casey Foundation)

The
deprivation of liberty due to the commission of a crime affects not only the
person incarcerated but also the person’s family. This holds true, even more so
for solo parents who, by reason of their incarceration are forced to leave
their children. (sixteenth congress of the republic of the Philippines Introduced
by Senator Maria Lourdes Nancy S. Binay)

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According
to Philippine Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report by Lauren E. Glaze
and Laura M. Maruschak 2000 An estimated 809,800 prisoners of the 1,518,535
held in the nation’s prisons at midyear 2007 were parents of minor children, or
children under age 18. Parents held in the nation’s prisons—52% of state
inmates and 63% of federal inmates—reported having an estimated 1,706,600 minor
children, accounting for 2.3% of the U.S. resident population under age 18.

When
parents are incarcerated, children often become victims of their parent’s
crimes due to the emotional and psychological trauma and the financial
instability the children experience during the parent’s incarceration.
Financial instability can also contribute to a decline in the household income,
and create an increased risk for childhood poverty. The sudden separation of a
child from their primary caregiver can strongly impair their emotional
well-being, according to Promoting Social and Emotional Well-Being for Children
of Incarcerated Parents, from the Federal Interagency Working Group for
Children of Incarcerated Parents in 2013. It stated that the parent-child
relationship begins in infancy when the child’s foundation to develop
relationships is formed which helps the child to develop healthy interpersonal
skills. Such vulnerability in young children with parents that are incarcerated
makes them very fragile for healthy childhood development. Children separated
from their loved ones are more likely to experience problems with behavior and
school performance. Children of incarcerated parents are also at risk of
dropping out of school and being influenced by negative peer pressures (The
challenges of children with incarcerated parents, n.d.)

There
is now a growing awareness that parents who go to prison do not suffer the
consequences alone; the children of incarcerated parents often lose contact
with their parent and visits are sometimes rare (Schirmer et al. of The
Sentencing Project.). Parental incarceration may also be detrimental to
children because of resulting family instability. If an incarcerated parents’
labor force participation suffers, then the child may face material hardship (Geller
et al. 2009)

The purpose of this study is to deepen the
understanding of the people towards the son and daughter of incarcerated
parents in terms of their stimulation towards the society and make them
understand the struggle of being a child of incarcerated parents. This study
also aims to clarify that parents plays a big role in the life of the children.
To lighten up the people’s perception that to become a child of incarcerated
parents is not a piece of cake and that they need care and attention and to
reveal the less talked about experiences of the unmothered students and how did
they manage living.  Lastly, is to fill
the gap of knowledge of the students, youths and teenagers towards this issue.

Research
Questions

1.      What
are the experiences of the students with incarcerated parent?

2.      How
do students manage to live without their parents?

Significance
of the Study

            The researchers have decided to
conduct this study because of the gap in the knowledge between the people who
are not into the situation and to those who have struggled in an unmothered
journey. The researchers will be focusing on topics that were never told
casually. Specifying their struggles, feelings, and experiences and handling
management in the journey towards to their dreams.

Aside from that, the researchers saw how
limited is the literature that the World Wide Web produces. The researchers
wanted to feed the people the knowledge that they need to know, specially the
mothers and unmothered students.

This
study will be beneficial to students who are struggling an unmothered living.
In that way the researcher will have an easy access to inform and influence
them how the subject of our study surpasses the obstacles of living without a
mother.

 

Scope
and Limitation

The
study focuses only to the students who have been apart with their parent for
one year or more. It could be because of parent separation, migration of
student or parent or could be any reason leaving the thought that their mother
is not living with them in the same roof. This study covers student respondents
both male and female, ages 16-21 years old. 
The exact location of the study is in Sto.Tomas Davao del Norte
specifically students of Sto.Tomas National High School. The coverage of the
study is limited to the said age group. Hence, this study has no control in
dealing with how it will affect to mother when they leave their children since
this study is single case study. Moreover, we are only covering respondents
within geographical location who have potential knowledge about the study.

 

Definition
of terms

Incarcerated
defined by the oxford and free dictionary
as deprived of or without a mother or without a maternal care. Continuing to
live life after the death of the mother.

3.