There theoretical levels which is known as the

            There are the main theories that sociologists use when it
comes to studying the social perspectives as well as they analyze such theories
from their distinct aspects. Sociologist not only study the broader features of
these theoretical levels which is known as the macro-level, but they also examine
that of the micro-level stance, which means that they study the level of research
based on the smaller social patterns. Such views from the sociologist’s
perspectives also form the basis for what is known today as the theoretical approach,
or best described as, the paradigms. Paradigms translates as the orientation of
structures that help sociologists identify what kind of questions should be
asked to achieve specific answers to specific questions regarding that of formulating
a researchable topic. Now, the three main perspectives are the Symbolic
Interactionist perspective, the Functionalist perspective, and lastly the Conflict
perspective (Three Major Perspectives in Sociology,1). All of these are known
to offer sociologists the rational patterns for describing how society in general
play a role in what impacts people within that community or population.

            To begin with, the first viewpoint of the theoretical
perspective is known as the Symbolic Interactionist, which coordinates the consideration
of symbols and the attributes of standard daily life. This specific perspective
deals with the micro-level of analysis, which as stated above, means that is deals
with the smaller details of social structures. The key factor of this position
is to concentrate on the face to face communications in everyday life, as well
as the symbols, which means that its focus is to interpret how individuals
socialize with one another. It is stated that this interaction comes originally
from Max Weber’s claims that humans act according to how they observe others
and the universe (Three Major Perspectives in Sociology,3). Even though such claim
exists, the actual philosopher that established this perspective was George H.
Mead, from America, whom suggested it in the 1920s to American sociology.
Moreover, an example of this theoretical perspective is that of having oral
discussions, and the reason being is because the actual spoken words performs as
the dominant symbols, which involves forethought and examination.

            The second viewpoint of the theoretical perspective is known
as the Functionalist perspective, which can be also called Functionalism, and is
basically described as the ambiance that is portrayed in society because it is related
to the way society works overall. This approach examines the macro-level of
analysis, and it basically aims its attention towards relationships between the
different parts of society, as well as how the characteristics of a nation
adapts. Functionalists assume or have an understanding that humankind are constrained
in a simultaneous way by what is known as general unity, or more specifically,
social consensus (Three Major Perspectives in Sociology,6). Emile Durkheim
proposed that this social unity consist of one of the two structures, the first
being mechanical solidarity and the second being organic solidarity. To best
understand what the functionalist stance is in society, a good example is that
of the government in general and the states, and how the states normally depend
on taxpayers to provide education for kids. This means overall that the family
itself relies on the school system in order to assist their kids in growing up
so that they can eventually, once grown, find good jobs that will help them
provide for their own families.

            Ultimately, the last theoretical perspective of the main
theories that sociologists use is the Conflict theory, which is described as
the negative features or details regarding the reshaping of the social complex
disputed views. As opposed to the other theories, this conflict perspective, or
theorists, believe that to bring about change in a situation or society, there
must be social change, even if it means causing an uprising or riot (Three
Major Perspectives in Sociology,11). In other words, they concentrate on the fighting
amongst limited supplies concerning how the elite govern the poor and such. They
also presume that those higher up, such as the wealthy and the dominant, play a
major role in pressuring the less fortunate and the helpless. This approach
evaluates the macro-level of analysis, which deals with the larger scale of
society altogether. In addition, American sociologists during the 1940s and 1950s,
did not place their attention on the conflict aspect of the theories, however
that attention soon in the 1960s shifted directly towards it making them pretty
interested in such issue (Three Major Perspectives in Sociology,12). Not only
did the focus more on it, but they also broaden the ideas of Carl Marx, which
consisted of the dispute that struggles in society was solely because of economic
issues. A good example of this is the fact that some believe that the academic
institution or system don’t minimize the social disparity, therefore making it easy
to increase when it comes to the division of race, ethnicity and class as well
as other factors.