When percent of all traffic accidents.” With that

When it comes to making the roads safer, are
driverless cars really the best option?  This
will be a whole new revolution for drivers and traffic patterns, especially for
the transportation industry. However, with all of the promises and
opportunities associated with driverless cars, there comes a lot of questions and
concerns from individuals. Driverless cars may be the future, but there are
many pros and cons involved with this new piece of technology that may soon
have full control over the destiny of our lives.

            In
the article, “Driverless Cars Will Face Moral Dilemmas” by Larry Greenemeier,
he revealed how “autonomous vehicles could potentially reduce traffic, cut
pollution and save thousands of lives each year—human error contributes to 90
percent of all traffic accidents.” With that being said, one important benefit
from driverless cars is the massive decrease in accidents. Most accidents are
caused by human error so with a car in full control, monitoring all possible
scenarios, they would be less likely to crash. This means fewer injuries upon passengers
and less damage to the car and surroundings. There would be no bad drivers and
less mistakes on the road. Unfortunately, mass introduction to driverless cars
means an increase in job losses. A lack of necessity for drivers leaves taxi
drivers, Uber drivers, Lyft drivers, truck drivers and valet parkers without a
job in a country where unemployment is already a rising issue. Also, the technology
behind these cars would be very expensive to produce, as well as to purchase. They
would probably be way over the price range for most ordinary individuals to
buy. On the other hand, people who have difficulties with driving, such as the
disabled or the elderly, might be very interested in purchasing an autonomous
vehicle. Those who are visually or physically impaired and people with mental
disabilities who find it hard to drive or difficult to access public transport
would be significantly benefitted by owning a car that requires no help from
the driver.

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However, with a driverless car, some ethnical problems
may arise. In the blog post from “Emerging Technology” called “Why Self-Driving
Cars Must be Programmed to Kill,” it questions some moral dilemmas from
driverless vehicles such as “How should the car be programmed to act in the
event of an unavoidable accident? Should it minimize the loss of life, even if
it means sacrificing the occupants, or should it protect the occupants at all
costs? Should it choose between these extremes at random?” When humans are
physically behind the wheel, we rely heavily on our instincts, but when it comes
to driverless cars, it becomes more complicated. In the article, “How a
Philosophy Professor is Tackling the Ethical Questions of Self- Driving Cars”
by Kristin Toussaint, she quotes professor Nicholas Evans where he explains how
“when we think about autonomous vehicles, we actually have to program them to
respond. Robots don’t have instincts.” It all comes down to the dilemma of
whether to risk other people’s lives or your own.